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For Authors

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics, is an international, scholarly, peer-reviewed and open access journal. All the manuscripts will be peer reviewed by at least two reviewers and the Editors. The journal is published quarterly online and in print simultaneously. Authors can submit and publish free of charge. All articles are permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute. Permitted reuse is defined by the following user licenses: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).

Types of Articles

  1. Original article: the scientific reports of the results of original biomedical research.
  2. Review Article: an academic review to summarize the current state of understanding on a topic.
  3. Case Report: a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient.

Editorial Procedure

Peer Review Statement

All manuscripts deemed suitable are sent to a minimum of two external peer reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The selection of peer reviewers is made by the article handling editor (the Editor-in-Chief or the Deputy Editor-in-Chief or an Associate Editor). Authors are requested to suggest reviewers but the editors reserve the right of final selection. This journal operates a double-blind review process (the identity of both the reviewer and author are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. If there is no agreement between two reviewers, review from a third reviewer would be invited.) After completing all reviewers’ reports, the handling editor makes a decision (accept, major revision, minor revision or reject). The authors receive from 7 to 21 days to prepare the revision depending on the reviewers’ comments. Any revisions should be clearly highlighted, for example using the font in color, so that they are easily visible to the editors and reviewers. The authors should provide a response to reviewers’ comments detailing any changes, for the benefit of the editors and reviewers. The revisions that have been made should be detailed citing the line number and exact change, so that the editor can check the changes expeditiously. Revisions that do not meet with these requirements will be sent back to authors with request for corrections and resubmission. Some articles may have two or three rounds of peer review. It may take more time due to some unexpected circumstances, or the peer review process takes from 6 to 8 weeks. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final.

Initial Evaluation

All submitted manuscripts will be checked by the Editorial Office to determine whether they are properly prepared and whether they follow the ethical policies of the journal. All submitted manuscripts are screened for potential plagiarism via iThenticate software. Manuscripts that do not fit the journal's ethics policy or do not meet the standards of the journal will be rejected before peer review. Incomplete manuscripts not prepared in the advised style will be sent back to authors without scientific review. After these checks, the Editorial Office will consult the journal’s Editor-in-Chief to determine whether the manuscript fits the scope of the journal and whether it is scientifically sound. Manuscripts with insufficient priority for publication will be rejected promptly. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).The Editor reserves the right to reject a manuscript on the grounds of insufficient language quality. Reject decisions at this stage will be verified by the Editor-in-Chief.

Submission Process

Submitted manuscript must be original, written in English, and not published or under consideration elsewhere. Manuscripts will be reviewed by the editors and reviewers and are subject to editorial revision. To submit your manuscript online, please register and log in to the submission website: https://www.editorialmanager.com/twjo/default1.aspx. The online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The submitting author, who is typically the corresponding author, is responsible for the manuscript during the editorial process. The submitting author must ensure that all eligible co-authors have been included in the author list and that they have all read and approved the submitted version of the manuscript.

Ethics in Publishing

The TJO requires compliance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki on medical research protocol and ethics, and follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Guidelines to help ensure the integrity of the scholarly record and the publication process when dealing with potential acts of misconduct. The editors of this journal enforce a rigorous peer-review process together with strict ethical policies and standards, to ensure to add high-quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. The editors and reviewers of TJO take publishing ethics issues very seriously and sustain a zero-tolerance policy to proceed in cases of plagiarism, data falsification, image manipulation, and inappropriate authorship credit. If evidence of misconduct is found, the following actions may be taken: retraction of published work; publication of a correction or statement of concern; refusal of future submission; notification of misconduct sent to an author’s local institution, superior, and/or ethics committee. Following the best ethical publication practices, the editors and reviewers of TJO are obliged to disclose any potential conflict of interest that might arise during the term of the editorial and review process; they are obliged also to raise immediately any ethical concern about the manuscript that is handled/reviewed. The editors and reviewers are expected to handle all manuscripts in confidence. Every effort is made by the editors to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics. The data and opinions appearing in the articles herein are the responsibility of the contributor concerned. Authors are expected to comply with the ethical standards for publishing their works in Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics.

The Ethics Approval Institutional Review Board (IRB) to secure approval of the study protocol of the research is required when submitting an Original Article.

Before You Begin

Manuscript Format

Manuscript submission must be in MS Word format. Please remove all references to the author's identity or institutions as manuscripts are peer reviewed anonymously. The content in the article file must include: Title, Abstract, Instruction, Main sections (depends on different types of articles), Acknowledgments, References, and Figure legends.

The authors may list all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided only general support, such as technical help or writing assistance in Acknowledgments. The primary funders and grand IDs of the research should also be acknowledged to ensure compliance with funder policies. The Acknowledgments in the manuscript would be concealed during peer review process.

Informed Consent and Patient Details

Appropriate consents and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details and images of patients. The Patient Consent (Photo Release Form) is required when submitting a Case Report.


Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted). Manuscript has been spell and grammar checked. An academic English Editing Certificate is requested (but not required) when submitting the manuscript.

Conflicts of Interest Statement

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other people or organizations of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence their work. The respective statement is requested to be made directly in the manuscript. Please download the TJO Authorship Conflicts of Interest Statement to fill out, sign, and date. This form is required for submission.

Preparation of Manuscript

Please note that correct preparation of the manuscript by the author will expedite the reviewing and publication procedures. Articles, including all tables, must be formatted in a recent version of Microsoft Word; the manuscript must be double-spaced. The use of appropriate subheadings throughout the body of the text (Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion) is required. The body of the text should be limited to 2000 words.

  1. Title page

    The title page should include the title of the manuscript, the authors’ names, degree, titles and affiliations in a separate file. The corresponding author contact information, including complete mailing address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address, should be provided. The running title abbreviated in less than 40 letters is requested.

  2. Abstract

    Structured abstract should be submitted for original and review articles in the following format and limited to 300 words. Case report abstract should not be structured. Purpose, includes one sentence of background statement; Patients and Methods; Results; and Conclusion. Keywords less than 5 are requested.

  3. Manuscript

    The full-length manuscript should be organized in the following sections: Introduction and literature review, Materials (Patients) and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References, Tables and Figure captions. Refer to teeth by their full name or their FDI tooth number. Cited reference selectively, and indicate references by superscript number in the text. Make sure all references have been mentioned in the text. Submit figures separately; do not embed figures in the word processing document. The case report should be organized in the following section: Introduction, Case Report (including Diagnosis, Treatment objective and plan, Treatment progress, Treatment result), Discussion, and Conclusion.

  4. Figures

    Digital images should be TIFF or JPEG format, more than 300 dpi. For best results, avoid screening, shading, and color backgrounds. If a figure has been previously published, the legend must give full credit to the original source. Be sure you have mentioned each figure, in order, in the text.

  5. Tables

    Tables should be self-explanatory. A brief table title should be put above the table. The table footnotes should be under the table, not table cells. Submit tables as text-based files and not as graphic elements. Number them in numerical order that they are mentioned in the text.

  6. References

    Please use Vancouver Citing & Reference style. Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.

    Articles in Journals
    Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Article Title. Title of Journal. Publish Year;Volume(Issue):pagination.

    Author name: Enter author’s surname, followed by no more than 2 initials. If there are more than 6 authors/editors, the first 6 author names are listed followed by ‘et al’ if the author group consists of 6 authors or fewer, all author names should be listed.

    Article Title: Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title. The rest of the title is in lower-case, with the exception of proper nouns.

    Title of Journal: use abbreviation as they appear in the NLM Catalog.

    Pagination: the entire page range of an article is given and take page abbreviation rule. Usage is 124-7 (pages 124 to 127) or 215-22 (pages 215 to 222).

    Author(s). Title of book. Edition (if not the first edition). Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

    Chapter in an edited book
    Author(s). Title of Chapter. In: Editor(s), editor(s). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. p. [pagination of the chapter]

  7. Copyright

    The undersigned author(s) transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript. Please download the form: Copyright Transfer Agreement.

  8. After Acceptance

    One set of page proof (in PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. A download of the free Adobe Reader, version 9 or higher is required to annotate the PDF files. You may also list the corrections quoting line number and return them to the editorial office.

    Forms for Downloading

    Title Page
    Check List
    Author Information
    TJO Authorship Conflicts of Interest Statement
    Copyright Transfer Agreement

    Contact Information

    Managing Editor, Ms. Kay Yang
    Editorial Office, Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics
    11F-3, No. 352, Sec. 1, Fuxing S. Rd., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 10656, Taiwan
    Telephone: 886-2-27025499