Introduction: Medical disputes have received increasing attention in recent years. Under the assistance of the academic and medical affairs committees of the Taiwan Association of Orthodontists, this study explored medical disputes among orthodontists performing orthodontic treatments in Taiwan in 2016. Methods: This study adopted a questionnaire survey, which was divided into three sections, namely the surveyed orthodontists’ demographic information, medical services, and subjective views on orthodontic-related medical disputes. The results were compared with those from a study conducted in 2010. Subsequently, topics related to clear aligner therapy and orthognathic surgery were examined. Results: The results indicated that 32.3% of the respondents had experienced medical disputes, with Class II Division 1 accounting for the highest proportion of malocclusion. Lateral profile–related problems accounted for the highest proportion of clinical problems. Eventually, 6.7% of the disputes involved legal proceedings. Compared to the 2010 results, the proportion of cases involving legal proceedings and costs of monetary compensation increased. Conclusion: The results of this study signify a changing trend in orthodontic treatments and patient requirements, which can serve as a reference for clinicians who perform orthodontic treatment.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.