Clinically, there are many ways to achieve molar distalization, such as skeletal anchorage, extraoral anchorage, sliding jig, lip bumper, and pendulum, etc. Although several methods have been described to distalize molars or total dentition, there is no strong scientific evidence of the effectiveness of various methods. To date, temporary anchorage devices (TADs) are increasingly used as orthodontic anchorage sources because of its strong anchorage, including endoosseous implants, miniplates, miniscrews and microscrews. Application of bony anchorage makes teeth move more efficiently, without depending on patient compliance in wearing appliance. However, only case reports and small case series have been published on the benefits of TADs in molar distalization. Thus, the purpose of this study was to review the papers on methods of molar distalization with use of TADs, potential side effects, and possible range of distalization.
Tan, Jun Ming; Liu, Yi-Min; Chiu, Hung-Cheng; and Chen, Yi-Jane
"Molar Distalization by Temporary Anchorage Devices (TAD s) – A Review Article,"
Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics: Vol. 29
, Article 2.
Available at: https://www.tjo.org.tw/tjo/vol29/iss1/2