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Abstract

Factors that affect the results of orthodontic treatment are various, and the understanding of motivation for orthodontic treatment is one of the most important because of its reference value in clinical diagnosis and treatment planning. In the past, there was just a few researches relating to this subject and most of them were conducted by questionnaire. Because of the differences methods of experimental design, the results varied. This review paper collect related articles in recent twenty years and analyze them in seven ways, including the definition of motivation, factors affecting orthodontic motivation, the relationship between orthodontic motivation and malocclusion and facial esthetics, the role of parents in orthodontic motivation, the relationship between orthodontic treatment and patient’s basic background ,socioeconomic background and psychogenic factors, the relationship between orthodontic motivation and motive power of receiving orthodontic treatment, and the way of future research. The results reveal that factors affecting orthodontic treatment are numerous, and most of them affect treatment results, being helpful to clinical diagnosis and treatment planning; therefore, in the future we should reinforce systemic research and combine it with oral strategies to conduct researches in different regions and races. The comparison and analysis of the researches can be used in reference of oral health development, human resources distribution, and guidance for clinical orthodontists.

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